Luxating Patella In Dogs; What Is it?

A luxating patella is when your dog’s knee cap moves out of place from the groove where it should be. The patella (knee cap) sits in a groove made of cartilage at the end of the femur. When the muscle contracts it pulls on the tendon and the patella which extends the stifle joint. The cause can be genetic, congenital or from an accident. 

Luxating patella dog surgery can involve a dog wheelchair to help with recovery. The dog wheelchair helps alleviate pressure on the legs, while helping your dog be mobile during recovery. Exercise is an important part of the recovery process. However, your veterinarian should be the one to make this decision. 

Grades of Luxating Patella In Dogs

luxating patella in dogs

Grade 1

The kneecap moves out of its normal position but returns to the normal position on its own. There are usually no physical symptoms in your dog.

Grade 2

The kneecap moves out of its normal position and does not return to the normal position. The kneecap needs to be moved back into place. Lameness can occur and also pain if luxation (moving) occurs frequently. 

Grade 3

The kneecap is out of place most of the time but can be returned to the normal position. Once pressure is removed from the patella it again begins to luxate (move). More lameness and pain can be experienced. 

Grade 4

The kneecap is permanently out of place and cannot be returned to the normal position. Lameness is visible. Pain and impaired mobility are usually experienced. 

Small Dog Breeds Prone To Luxating Patella

  • Miniature and Toy Poodles
  • Maltese
  • Jack Russell Terriers
  • Yorkshire Terriers
  • Pomeranians
  • Pekingese
  • Chihuahuas
  • Cavalier King Charles Spaniels
  • Papillons 
  • Boston Terriers 

Large Dog Breeds Prone To Luxating Patella

  • Labrador Retrievers
  • Golden Retrievers
  • Akitas
  • Malamutes
  • Boxers
  • Huskies
  • St. Bernards

About The Author

Performance Dog Wheelchairs wants you to know that physical limitations are not the end to mobility. Our purpose is to give others and their dogs the ability to seek new adventures and overcome physical challenges with one of our Best Friend Mobility Dog Wheelchairs.

A dog wheelchair is also referred to as a handicap dog cart or wheels for handicap dogs. One of the common needs is for hip dysplasia. We offer three different models and have small dog wheelchairs and large dog wheelchairs.

We offer a full support dog wheelchair which is also referred to as a dog quad wheelchair or four wheel dog wheelchair, a dog wheelchair for back legs and the patented SitGo Dog Wheelchair. This is the only one that allows your dog to go from standing to sitting without having to remove it. 

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