What is a luxating patella?
Luxating patella is when your dog’s knee cap moves out of place from the groove where it should be. The patella (knee cap) sits in a groove made of cartilage at the end of the femur. When the muscle contracts it pulls on the tendon and the patella which extends the stifle joint. The cause can be genetic, congenital or from an accident.
How to treat patellar luxation in dogs
Treatment for a luxating patella depends on the grade of luxation (dislocation) which is based on a grade of 1 through 4. Pain and anti-inflammatory medication are usually prescribed. Managing your dog’s weight is important to avoid stress on the joints. Exercise restrictions are usually set in place. Physical therapy may also be beneficial to help rebuild muscle and be more mobile.
For Grade 3 and 4 patellar luxation surgery is usually recommended. Significant lameness and pain are usually why surgery is needed. Sometimes veterinarians recommend surgery for grade 2. However, different veterinarians have different views.
What does patellar luxation surgery correct?
Depending on your dog the surgery may deepen the groove on the femur (thighbone) where the kneecap sits, move the joint more laterally that attaches the kneecap (patella) to the shinbone (tibia) or reinforce the knee joint’s soft tissue. If both of your dog’s hind legs are affected, the surgery is done on the worst knee first. This allows for easier recovery and the ability to still be mobile.
Many dogs don’t even need surgery with a little rest and sometimes physical therapy. However, if your dog does need surgery the recovery time is only a few months before they will be back to normal.
About The Author
Performance Dog Wheelchairs wants you to know that physical limitations are not the end to mobility. Our purpose is to give others and their dogs the ability to seek new adventures and overcome physical challenges with one of our Best Friend Mobility Dog Wheelchairs.
A dog wheelchair is also referred to as a handicap dog cart or wheels for handicap dogs. One of the common needs is for hip dysplasia. We offer three different models and have small dog wheelchairs and large dog wheelchairs.
We offer a full support dog wheelchair which is also referred to as a dog quad wheelchair or four wheel dog wheelchair, a dog wheelchair for back legs and the patented SitGo Dog Wheelchair. This is the only one that allows your dog to go from standing to sitting without having to remove it.