What Are The Treatment Options For Diabetes In Dogs?

treatment options for diabetes in dogs

Treatment options for diabetes in dogs should be to eliminate the severe signs of diabetes. Diabetes is usually controlled, not eliminated with the following.

Injections 

  • Insulin injections are what is needed most often for diabetic dogs.
  • Insulin injections are given twice a day, sometimes once depending on the type.
  • Things to consider when choosing the type of insulin is the price, availability, frequency of dosing and the approval by the FDA.
  • Most diabetic dogs will have a stable insulin level after 4 to 6 weeks of treatment.

Diet

  • Dogs that receive insulin should be fed twice daily and can be given a snack.
  • Total meals should equal the daily caloric intake needed to maintain your dog’s weight. 
  • Their diet should be high in insoluble fiber to help prevent insulin spikes.
  • Talk with your veterinarian regarding what to do if your dog skips a meal and how to handle insulin injections at that point. 

Exercise

treatment options for diabetes in dogs
  • Exercise is important for all dogs, but especially for dogs with diabetes. 
  • It helps to control their blood sugar.
  • It also helps to reduce the amount of insulin needed. 

Monitoring

  • Once a dog starts receiving insulin wait 7 to 14 days to start monitoring their glucose levels.
  • There are two ways to check glucose levels which are in the urine or blood.
  • Strips that are put in the urine monitor glucose levels and the presence of ketones. 
  • A glucometer is used to measure glucose levels in the blood. 
  • The goal of monitoring is to make sure a dog does not have high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) nor low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Low blood sugar can lead to ketosis. This is when your body does not have enough carbohydrates to burn for energy. Instead it relies on fat for energy which causes weight loss. Ketones would be present in the urine if your dog is in ketosis. 

About The Author

Performance Dog Wheelchairs wants you to know that physical limitations are not the end to mobility. Our purpose is to give others and their dogs the ability to seek new adventures and overcome physical challenges with one of our Best Friend Mobility Dog Wheelchairs.

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